If we look at the history of the world, the rise and fall of nations can be seen. If we look at the subcontinent, the fact emerges that the War of Independence of 1857 destroyed the political and social status and importance of Muslims in the subcontinent.
The Muslims had fallen prey to despair but in this gloomy darkness of despair Sir Syed Ahmad Khan’s personality was like a shining star. He guided the Muslims at every critical stage and turning point in his life. Encouraged He was apprised of the real intentions of the Congress and raised the banner of bi-national ideology.
We can call him the leader of the leaders compared to the rest of the people. Quaid-e-Azam was one of the great politicians of this century who was born in the land of this subcontinent. He had high morale and his willpower. He had a tremendous ability to understand and predict the political situation.
He took over the leadership of Muslim India in the most unfavorable conditions. Although he started his political career by joining the Indian Panel Congress in 1906, he soon succeeded in gaining a foothold in Muslim circles thanks to his honesty and truthfulness.
He also joined the Muslim League at the request of Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar. At that time, joining two different political parties was not an objectionable thing. They had a dignified position in both the political parties which were ideologically rivals of each other.
The Congress was a proponent of united nationalism and Western-style representative democracy, while the Muslim League was a proponent of bi-national ideology and maintaining a separate national and political identity for Muslims.
The Quaid-e-Azam’s effort was to bring the two political parties closer to each other so that a solution could be found to the political problem of the subcontinent and the people here succeeded in securing their political rights. The Charter of 1916 was an important link in the Lucknow chain.
The agreement was reached between the two political parties through the efforts of Quaid-e-Azam and in which the Congress had accepted the demand for separate elections. This was the first time and the last time that the Congress accepted the demand for separate elections for the Muslims in this agreement.
Was Although later the spirit of this agreement was not maintained but there is no doubt that the giants had a great masterpiece of vision and insight of Quaid-e-Azam.
and thanks to this the opportunity for the two nations to work together temporarily after the failure of the Malatin Khilafah Movement, this spirit of mutual cooperation was lost forever. Quaid-e-Azam was a member of both the Congress and the Muslim League for seven years, but resigned from the Congress in 1920 due to the wrong and biased political policies of the Congress and the non-cooperation movement and became a Muslim League leader.
From then on, he performed the duty of serving the Muslims till his death. In 1928, when an attempt was made to prove through the Nehruvar Port that it reflected the common demands and political light of the demands of Hindus and Muslims, Quaid-i-Azam vehemently opposed it and changed it. Attempts were made but the claimants of a united nation refused to accept all the demands of the Muslims, then Quaid-e-Azam said that historical phrase that our paths are separate and time also proved that the paths of the two nations remain separate and they Still unable to come together on a single platform.
In response to this report, Quaid-e-Azam presented his historic 14 points in 1929, through which the Muslims of the subcontinent were fully and effectively interpreted. On the basis of these points, negotiations between Muslims and the British government and other non-Muslim political parties continued for many years to come.
Interpreter From 1935 to 1939 a new cactus was introduced in the subcontinent under which the Muslim League also participated in the 1937 provincial elections. Although the Muslim League has not been able to form a ministry in any province, the success of Muslims, especially in the minority provinces, has been significant. Between 1937 and 1939, the Quaid-e-Azam appointed a committee of inquiry headed by the Raja of Purpur to investigate the atrocities and misdeeds of the Congress ministries.
But by celebrating Salvation Day on December 22, 1939, he proved that the only leader of the Muslims of the subcontinent is Mr. Quaid-e-Azam. The decision to celebrate Salvation Day is recognized as a masterpiece of his courage and political insight, which has had a profound effect on the politics of the subcontinent.
The historic meeting of the Muslim League began in Lahore in March 1940. In his presidential address, Quaid-e-Azam said: Hindus and Muslims are two nations, not two, so to be born in India According to him, Muslims are one nation and therefore they should one day own a territory and a state. The next day, under the chairmanship of Quaid-e-Azam, Maulvi Fazlullah presented a landmark resolution called the “Lahore Resolution”, which formally called for a separate homeland for Muslims. The Lahore Resolution was introduced on March 23, 1940, which was based on Islam and the two-nation ideology.
But it would not be correct to say that before that Muslims had no sense of their separate national status. It came into being on the day when the first non-Muslim in India became a Muslim and Midas It is a matter of time before a Muslim government was established in this land. Allama Iqbal had demanded for a separate homeland for the Muslims at the annual meeting of Allahabad in 1930 and there was great agreement between the two leaders. The resolution of 1940 and the historic event of the establishment of Pakistan in 1947 worked tirelessly.
The Muslims’ demand for a separate homeland was hailed as a madman’s dream and fascination, but the world saw that under the leadership of Quaid-e-Azam, the Muslims in India succeeded in achieving their goal in a short period of time. Between 1940 and 1947 Important and difficult places like Corps Mission, Shimla Conference, and Cabinet Mission also came but Quaid-e-Azam’s believing intellect guided the Muslims of the subcontinent on this occasion and that is why in 1946 general election Muslim League demanded one point manifesto of Pakistan.
The Muslim League won 428 of the 495 seats reserved for Muslims in the Provincial Assembly elections, and in April 1946, the Muslim League won seats in Delhi. All the participants of the Assembly Convention decided to intensify the struggle for Pakistan under the chairmanship of Quaid-e-Azam Mohali Jinnah and Pakistan was united despite the opposition of the British and the Hindus. Had it not been for Quaid-e-Azam, the establishment of a separate homeland for Muslims might not have taken place.